(= Tyr; Y; 181 D)
One of the twenty amino acids directly coded in proteins. Non-essential in humans since can be synthesized from phenylalanine.

Dictionary of molecular biology. 2004.

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  • Tyrosine — L ou S( ) tyrosine D ou R(+) tyrosine …   Wikipédia en Français

  • tyrosine — [ tirozin ] n. f. • 1855; de tyro et ine ♦ Biochim. Acide aminé essentiel très répandu dans la nature (graines de céréales, pommes de terre, fruits mûrs), jouant un rôle important grâce aux composés organiques qui en dérivent (mélanine,… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • tyrosine — tyrosine. См. тирозин. (Источник: «Англо русский толковый словарь генетических терминов». Арефьев В.А., Лисовенко Л.А., Москва: Изд во ВНИРО, 1995 г.) …   Молекулярная биология и генетика. Толковый словарь.

  • tyrosine — amino acid, 1857, coined 1846 by German chemist Baron von Justus Liebig (1802 1873), who had first obtained it a year before, from Gk. tyros cheese + chemical suffix INE (Cf. ine) (2). So called because it was easily obtained from old cheese …   Etymology dictionary

  • tyrosine — [tī′rō sēn΄, tir′ōsēn΄; tī′rōsin΄, tir′ōsin΄] [Gr tyros, cheese (see BUTTER) + INE3] n. a white, crystalline nonessential amino acid, C6H4OHCH2CH(NH2)COOH, formed by the decomposition of proteins, as in the putrefaction of cheese: see AMINO ACID …   English World dictionary

  • Tyrosine — NatOrganicBox name=( S ) 2 Amino 3 (4 hydroxyphenyl) propanoic acid PubChem = 1153 CAS = 60 18 4 SMILES = N [C@@H] (Cc1ccc(O)cc1)C(O)=O C=9 | H=11 | N=1 | O=3 mass=181.19 g/molTyrosine (abbreviated as Tyr or Y) [cite web | author=IUPAC IUBMB… …   Wikipedia

  • tyrosine — /tuy reuh seen , sin, tir euh /, n. Biochem. a crystalline amino acid, HOC6H4CH2CH(NH2)COOH, abundant in ripe cheese, that acts as a precursor of norepinephrine and dopamine. Abbr.: Tyr; Symbol: Y [1855 60; < Gk tyrós cheese + INE2] * * * One of… …   Universalium

  • tyrosine — Tyrosin Tyr o*sin, n. [Gr. ? cheese.] (Physiol. Chem.) A white crystalline nitrogenous substance present in small amount in the pancreas and spleen, and formed in large quantity from the decomposition of proteid matter by various means, as by… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • tyrosine — 2 Amino 3 (4 hydroxyphenyl)propionic acid; 3 (4 hydroxyphenyl)alanine; the l isomer is an α amino acid present in most proteins. t. aminotransferase an enzyme that catalyzes the reversible reaction of l t. and α ketoglutarate producing p… …   Medical dictionary

  • tyrosine — tirozinas statusas T sritis chemija formulė HOC₆H₄CH₂CH(NH₂)COOH santrumpa( os) Tyr, Y atitikmenys: angl. tyrosine rus. тирозин ryšiai: sinonimas – 2 amino 3 (4 hidroksifenil)propano rūgštis …   Chemijos terminų aiškinamasis žodynas

  • Tyrosine hydroxylase — or tyrosine 3 monooxygenase is the enzyme responsible for catalyzing the conversion of the amino acid L tyrosine to dihydroxyphenylalanine (DOPA). DOPA is a precursor for dopamine which in turn is a precursor for norepinephrine (noradrenaline)… …   Wikipedia

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